Friday, August 28, 2020

Success and Failure in the US-Mexico War on Drugs Essay -- Essays Pape

Illicit opiate drugs speak to a $60 billion market in the U.S., and this year alone the State and Federal governments will each spend generally $20 billion in endeavoring to smother this market. The measure of cash associated with the medication exchange, considerably expanded because of forbiddance, makes both foundational debasement and viciousness inescapable. The illicit medication exchange is a refined worldwide system, and keeping in mind that no nation’s inclusion is constrained to one monetary capacity, one relationship is perfectly clear: Mexico fills in as a high-volume channel of medications into the United States, and medication dealers will put everything on the line to keep serving the American buyers as long as their interest exists. A 1997 article expressed that opiates channel as much as $30 billion into the Mexican economy every year, â€Å"more than the country’s top two authentic fares combined.†[1] In spite of many years of endeavors to control this criminal behavior, the open observation is that the United States’ war on drugs has neglected to significantly diminish both the gracefully and request of illicit medications. Gracefully side endeavors have been tormented by clashing political needs and defilement in both American and Mexican organizations, while the exorbitant enemy of medication promoting efforts and expanded imprisonments of medication clients have had just restricted achievement in diminishing the interest for drugs. Besides, the intrinsic trouble of universal coordination in such an exertion has ruined the achievement of the medication war. As James Finckenauer, Ph.D. of the National Institute of Justice states, â€Å"The intricacy of the overall medication advertise and the immense assets accessible to opiate makers and dealers requires tormented nations to collabor... ...] â€Å"Healthy People 2000 Final Review.† Department of Health and Human Services, Habitats for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Center for Health Insights. October, 2001. [15] â€Å"News from the DEA.† Speech by Asa Hutchinson, September 16, 2002. Baylor College. [16] Community Epidemiology Work Group. â€Å"Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse: Advance Report.† National Institutes of Health and National Institute on Drug Abuse. December, 1999. [17] [18] â€Å"Gangster Cops,† a talk by Joseph McNamara, Stanford University. Building 297, April 30, 2003. [19] â€Å"Gangster Cops,† a talk by Joseph McNamara, Stanford University. Building 297, April 30, 2003. [20] â€Å"Vicente Fox on the Transition, NAFTA, Corruption, Drugs, the Economy...† Business Week: July 17, 2000.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

I am very bothered, Poem and It Aint What You Do, Its What It Does To You poetry analysis Essay Example For Students

I am extremely disturbed, Poem and It Aint What You Do, Its What It Does To You verse examination Essay There are three sonnets I have decided to assist me with examining and expound on my postulation Life , its issues, the great and the terrible of human experience, are significant worries of Simon Armitages verse. They are the Untitled sonnet I am extremely disturbed, Poem and It Aint What You Do, Its What It Does To You. Sonnet is one of Armitages life issue sonnets When You dont recall the beneficial things an individual has done yet the awful things an individual has done you recollect. This sonnet has numerous lines which start with and which is a kind of rundown of things this individual has done. Additionally he begins the sonnet with And in the event that it snowed and snow secured the drive which resembles the sonnet is the second piece of another sonnet or he has forgotten about the start and got to the significant part. There are three sections portraying things he did. For the most part everything is beneficial things about him for instance And for his mum he employed a private medical attendant separated from the last sentence which depicts him doing awful things for instance And twice he lifted 10 quid from her handbag Mother. This made the peruser just recall the awful things since it was the exact opposite thing the peruser recollects about him from the entire section. The last stanza is about how individuals evaluated him as an awful individual who he was just at times like every other person on the planet. There was one snide piece of the sonnet when he said each week he tipped his compensation and not long after said what he didnt spend he spared in light of the fact that he would not have nothing to spare in the event that he spent half on liquor. I think Armitages sonnets places in these wry bits and terrible or wrong doings spread over the sonnet so you are al ways reminded he is an awful individual yet he is obviously a normal individual yet individuals judge you on all the things you do so you ought to be cautious on what you do. I am extremely disturbed is a sonnet of the awful of human encounters. Its about what you do to attempt to stand out which has great and awful results. Simon Armitage shows how he feels about his encounters when he thinks back on them. He feels exceptionally upset when he recollects when he was in school as a youngster in a science lab. He put some plastic dealt with scissors over a hot Bunsen burner until it was delicate and softening gradually and offered it to a female student. At the point when she held it around her fingers he portrayed the scene as O the unparalleled odor of marked skin as you à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢ ¦ meaning it was so terrible no other awful stench could rival it and that it left a sign of dull, dim, dark, copied skin. There was a consumed ring around one of her fingers and one of her thumbs that were set apart forever. He portrayed his sentiments of this horrendous outrage by saying Dont trust me on the off chance that I state that was only my butterfingered route at thirteen, of inquiring as to whether you would wed me butterfingered way meaning not so much significance it, not truly so he implies dont accept be in the event that I said I was possibly kidding when I said will you wed me. At long last, the sonnet It Aint What You Do Its What It does To You is about human encounters which are predominantly acceptable. It begins with him not have gone to America with practically nothing however then state he has lived with criminals in Manchester which are the two bas encounters in the primary stanza. In the second stanza he discusses just a single thing he hasnt done which is gone to the tranquil, serene Taj Mahal cushioned through Tag Mahal, shoeless. In the third refrain he discusses just a single thing he has done. Which is skimmed a level stones across Black greenery on a day so still he could hear each stable which is typically unfathomable hear each arrangement of waves. .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed , .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed .postImageUrl , .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed .focused content region { min-tallness: 80px; position: relative; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed , .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed:hover , .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed:visited , .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed:active { border:0!important; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed { show: square; change: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-progress: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; haziness: 1; change: darkness 250ms; webkit-progress: mistiness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed:active , .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed:hover { obscurity: 1; change: murkiness 250ms; webkit-progress: obscurity 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed .focused content region { width: 100%; position: relati ve; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: striking; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; content embellishment: underline; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; fringe sweep: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; text style weight: intense; line-stature: 26px; moz-fringe span: 3px; content adjust: focus; content enhancement: none; content shadow: none; width: 80px; min-stature: 80px; foundation: url( arrow.png)no-rehash; position: outright; right: 0; top: 0; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .ua2 e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed .focused content { show: table; tallness: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .ua2e541d639cc855e16f9ed70477477ed:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Case Analysis Insubordination EssayIn the fourth refrain he begins with him not have sky jumped from an airplane however he says I held the flimsy leader of a kid at a day community, and stroked his fat hands which has a huge impact on your life to see somebody in an awful state. Every one of these models appeared of things done or things he hasnt done methods he is stating our encounters impact our conduct and perspectives and makes us increasingly savvier on the things we do. Like In the last section he depicts the sentiments of doing each one of those things within us as a feeling of something different which I ac cept its an inclination so incredible that you need to do it to discover. Every one of these sonnets we have contemplated show that Simon Armitage considers people and how they respond to life encounters. Regardless of whether beneficial encounters bring issues or joy we as a whole need to manage them in the correct manner. For instance from the sonnet Poem the issue of the man just recalled by the awful focuses and that man needs to manage that in the correct manner by guarding himself and the individuals who rate him additionally must be cautious on what they state about individuals. We need to attempt to live through everything without it cutting us down and causing us to feel hopeless. For instance The untitled sonnet about him extremely made a big deal about the young ladies consumed fingers we need to manage the way that it occurred and to release it and move on. We additionally need to settle on sure we dont settle on wrong choices just to cause ourselves to feel glad and dont care about the others. For instance again to the untitled sonnet Simon ought to of thought of the results and the agony of others yet he didnt he was just looking for consideration for himself. Presently I trust you currently know Simon Armitage sonnets depend on lifes great and awful encounters.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Physiological Principles for Health and Social Care Essay

The circulatory framework is the body’s transport framework. It is comprised of a gathering of organs that transport blood all through the body. The heart siphons the blood and the corridors and veins transport it. Oxygen-rich blood leaves the left half of the heart and enters the greatest supply route, called the aorta. The aorta branches into littler supply routes, which at that point branch into much littler vessels that movement everywhere throughout the body. At the point when blood enters the littlest veins, which are calledcapillaries, and are found in body tissue, it gives supplements and oxygen to the phones and takes in carbon dioxide, water, and waste. The blood, which no longer contains oxygen and supplements, at that point returns to the heart through veins. Veins divert squander items from cells and take blood back to the heart , which siphons it to the lungs to get oxygen and dispose of waste carbon dioxide. Stomach related System The stomach related framework is comprised of organs that separate nourishment into protein, nutrients, minerals, sugars, and fats, which the body requirements for vitality, development, and fix. After nourishment is bitten and gulped, it goes down the throat and enters the stomach, where it is additionally separated by ground-breaking stomach acids. From the stomach the nourishment goes into the small digestive tract. This is the place your nourishment is separated into supplements that can enter the circulation system through little hair-like projections. The abundance nourishment that the body doesn’t need or can’t digest is transformed into squander and is wiped out from the body. Endocrine System The endocrine framework is comprised of a gathering of organs that produce the body’s significant distance delivery people, or hormones. Hormones are synthetic substances that control body capacities, for example, digestion, development, and sexual turn of events. The organs, which incorporate the pituitary organ, thyroid organ, parathyroid organs, adrenal organs, thymus organ, pineal body, pancreas, ovaries, and testicles, discharge hormones legitimately into the circulation system, which move the hormones to organs and tissues all through the body. Invulnerable System The invulnerable framework is our body’s safeguard framework against contaminations and illnesses. Organs, tissues, cells, and cell items cooperate to react to hazardous living beings (like infections or microscopic organisms) and substances that may enter the body from nature. There are three kinds of reaction frameworks in the insusceptible framework: the anatomic reaction, the fiery reaction, and the resistant reaction. The anatomic reaction genuinely keeps compromising substances from entering your body. Instances of the anatomic framework incorporate the mucous films and the skin. In the event that substances do get by, the fiery reaction goes on assault. The fiery framework works by discharging the intruders from your body. Sniffling, runny noses, and fever are instances of the provocative framework at work. At times, despite the fact that you don’t feel well while it’s occurring, your body is battling ailment. At the point when the fiery reaction fizzles, the insusceptible reaction goes to work. This is the focal piece of the resistant framework and is comprised of white platelets, which battle contamination by eating up antigens. About a fourth of white platelets, called the lymphocytes, relocate to the lymph hubs and produce antibodies, which battle illness. Lymphatic System The lymphatic framework is additionally a safeguard framework for the body. It sift through life forms that cause infection, produces white platelets, and creates illness battling antibodies. It likewise circulates liquids and supplements in the body and depletes overabundance liquids and protein with the goal that tissues don't grow. The lymphatic framework is comprised of a system of vessels that help flow body liquids. These vessels divert abundance liquid from the spaces among tissues and organs and return it to the circulatory system. Solid System The solid framework is comprised of tissues that work with the skeletal framework to control development of the body. Some musclesâ€like the ones in your arms and legsâ€are intentional, implying that you choose when to move them. Different muscles, similar to the ones in your stomach, heart, digestion tracts and different organs, are automatic. This implies they are controlled consequently by the sensory system and hormonesâ€you frequently don’t even acknowledge they’re at work. The body is comprised of three kinds of muscle tissue: skeletal, smooth and cardiovascular. Each of these can contract and extend, which permits the body to move and capacity. Skeletal muscles help the body move. Smooth muscles, which are automatic, are situated inside organs, for example, the stomach and digestion tracts. Cardiovascular muscle is discovered distinctly in the heart. Its movement is automatic Nervous System The sensory system is comprised of the mind, the spinal line, and nerves. One of the most significant frameworks in your body, the sensory system is your body’s control framework. It sends, gets, and forms nerve driving forces all through the body. These nerve driving forces instruct your muscles and organs and how to react to the earth. There are three pieces of your sensory system that cooperate: the focal sensory system, the fringe sensory system, and the autonomic sensory system. The focal sensory system comprises of the cerebrum and spinal string. It conveys nerve driving forces and breaks down data from the sense organs, which enlighten your cerebrum concerning things you see, hear, smell, taste and feel. The fringe sensory system incorporates the craniospinal nerves that branch off from the mind and the spinal string. It conveys the nerve driving forces from the focal sensory system to the muscles and organs. The autonomic sensory system controls automatic activity, for example, heart beat and assimilation. Regenerative System The regenerative framework permits people to create youngsters. Sperm from the male treats the female’s egg, or ovum, in the fallopian tube. The treated egg goes from the fallopian cylinder to the uterus, where the embryo creates over a time of nine months. Respiratory System The respiratory framework carries air into the body and expels carbon dioxide. It incorporates the nose, trachea, and lungs. At the point when you take in, air enters your nose or mouth and goes down a long cylinder called the trachea. The trachea branches into two bronchial cylinders, or essential bronchi, which go to the lungs. The essential bronchi branch off into much littler bronchial cylinders, or bronchioles. The bronchioles end in the alveoli, or air sacs. Oxygen follows this way and goes through the dividers of the air sacs and veins and enters the circulation system. Simultaneously, carbon dioxide goes into the lungs and is breathed out. Skeletal System The skeletal framework is comprised of bones, tendons and ligaments. It shapes the body and secures organs. The skeletal framework works with the strong framework to enable the body to move. Marrow, which is delicate, greasy tissue that produces red platelets, many white platelets, and other resistant framework cells, is found inside bones. Urinary System The urinary framework disposes of waste from the body, as pee. The kidneys expel squander from the blood. The waste joins with water to frame pee. From the kidneys, pee goes down two slim cylinders called ureters to the bladder. At the point when the bladder is full, pee is released through the urethra.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

A Review of Argumentative Essay Topics for Beijing Smog

A Review of Argumentative Essay Topics for Beijing Smog If you're thinking that you will need a person to compose my essay at the moment, you can just rely on our honest reviews. The point is you will understand your distinct case deeply and in detail as opposed to in broad, vague terms. When you're picking your topic, bear in mind that it's much simpler to write about something which you currently have interest ineven in case you don't know a great deal about it. 1 man can alter the world. In cities like Riyadh, smog is just amplified on account of the harsh problems. There are lots of things to argue when it has to do with the law. In Saudi Arabia, the air pollution problem is unique in that it's a result of the large automobile business and efforts to tackle the problem must also think of the cultural and location differences in order to repair this dilemma. The issue with the provisions is they cost a great deal of money and the state governments don't want to pay the exorbitant price tags. Argumentative Essay Topics for Beijing Smog and Argumentative Essay Topics for Beijing Smog - The Perfect Combination The review is going to teach you all you will need to understand and then you are able to place your purchase confidently. In case you go through with a tour group, have a bottle of water and a few snacks with youseriously. There's a significant remedy to your issue! It isn't an issue of technology. The Argumentative Essay Topics for Beijing Smog Chronicles You don't need to find super technical with legal argumentative essays, but make sure you do your homework on what the recent laws about your favorite topic actually say. Due to this, many disagree on the way the laws should change (if they ought to change at all) and there are numerous topics to pick from. The very first step is to learn the topic you want to write about. Inside this assignment, you will select a particular topic that makes it possible to understand some element of climate change. In choosing your topic, it's frequently a good notion to start out with a subject which you already have some familiarity with. If you don't have an urge to waste time on choosing the best topic and writing the entire argumentative essay from scratch, don't forget you've a loyal group of professionals by your side. Following are a few simple strategies to lead you in selecting the great persuasive essay topic for you. With the aid of our tips for writing and our interesting collection of topics, you're guaranteed to have a high grade! When it has to do with writing an argumentative essay, the most significant point to do is to select a topic and an argument that you could really get behind. The selection of the topic inside this circumstance is a severe matter it must be vital, socially actual and controversial, so the argument can be developed. Learn which of the topics, you currently have a fairly good background on which will make it possible for you to have a relative edge. It is possible to observe a list of 25 topics you can select from the one which best fits your assignment. You may continue to keep your argumentative essays for your upcoming job portfolio in case they're highly graded. Have a look at our writing services reviews and find out how top rated essay writing companies do the job. What's more, at times the opinions and conclusions from the authors of the relative literatures might be subjective which would help determine the analysis outcomes. For instance, in college, you might be requested to compose a paper from the opposing viewpoint. English language classes usually want a lot of writing. You've got to compose several academic papers over the duration of a year. To begin with, local newspaper papers are sometimes an excellent place to discover interesting argumentative essay topics. Smog can stay for a lengthy moment. Air pollution can be categorized as visible and invisible. Asthma will probably be a long-term effect. Individuals with asthma are way more sensitive to smog. There's evidence that suggests that it may cause some short-term breathing troubles. The longer a person has been exposed to smog, the larger the indicators are. There are lots of difficulties that smog cause.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Correcting Errors in Subject-Verb Agreement

Here we will practice applying one of the most basic and yet also most troublesome rules of grammar: in the present tense, a verb must agree in number with its subject. Put simply, this means that we have to remember to add an -s to the verb if its subject is singular and not to add an -s if the subject is plural. Its really not a hard principle to follow as long as we can identify the subject and verb in a sentence. Lets have a look at how this basic rule works. Compare the verbs (in bold) in the two sentences below: Merdine sings the blues at the Rainbow Lounge. My sisters sing the blues at the Rainbow Lounge. Both verbs describe a present or ongoing action (in other words, they are in the present tense), but the first verb ends in -s and the second one doesnt. Can you give a reason for this difference? Thats right. In the first sentence, we need to add an -s to the verb (sings) because the subject (Merdine) is singular. We omit the final -s from the verb (sing) in the second sentence because there the subject (sisters) is plural. Remember, though, that this rule applies only to verbs in the present tense. As you can see, the trick to following the basic principle of subject-verb agreement is being able to recognize subjects and verbs in sentences. If thats giving you a problem, try reviewing our page on the Basic Parts of Speech. Here are four tips to help you apply the principle that a verb must agree in number with its subject: TIP #1 Add an -s to the verb if the subject is a singular noun: a word that names one person, place, or thing. Mr. Eko drives a hard bargain. Talent develops in quiet places. TIP #2 Add an -s to the verb if the subject is any one of the third-person singular pronouns: he, she, it, this, that. He drives a minivan. She follows a different drummer. It looks like rain. This confuses me. That takes the cake. TIP #3 Do not add an -s to the verb if the subject is the pronoun I, you, we, or they. I make my own rules. You drive a hard bargain. We take pride in our work. They sing out of key. TIP #4 Do not add an -s to the verb if two subjects are joined by and. Jack and Sawyer often argue with each other. Charlie and Hurley enjoy music. So, is it really that simple to make subjects and verbs agree? Well, not always. For one thing, our speech habits sometimes interfere with our ability to apply the principle of agreement. If we have a habit of dropping the final -s from words when we talk, we need to be particularly careful not to leave off the -s when we write. Also, we have to keep a certain spelling rule in mind when adding -s to a verb that ends in the letter -y: in most cases, we need to change the y to ie before adding the s. For example, the verb carry becomes carries, try becomes tries, and hurry becomes hurries. Are there exceptions? Of course. If the letter before the final -y is a vowel (that is, the letters a, e, i, o, or u), we simply keep the y and add -s. So say becomes says, and enjoy becomes enjoys. Finally, as we see in our page on Tricky Cases of Subject-Verb Agreement, we have to be particularly careful when the subject is an indefinite pronoun or when words come between the subject and verb.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cell Phones Thesis - 2181 Words

CHAPTER 2: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter presents the related literature-local and foreign which helped the researcher conceptualize the effects of cell phone use of students during classes. In addition to the related literature are local and foreign studies that helped the researcher in the analysis of the problems under study. It has provided an insight to enrich this investigation and understanding of the study’s problem. FOREIGN LITERATURE In todays world, most people communicate through the use cellular phones. Its hard to believe that fifteen years ago cell phones were a rarity. People may not be aware of what is the history chronicling the dawn of the cell phone to its current state. According to†¦show more content†¦It is usually stated that 3G is not necessarily a rigid standard, but is a set of requirements that most networks and cell phone providers follow. There are two main requirements; they include 2 Megabits of maximum data rate indoors and 384 kbits for outdoor use. 3G mobile phones usually include innovations to receive much more than phone calls, for instance, SMS text is available and some 3G phones also offer email and Internet access. Currently technologies are continuing to improve and new innovations such as streaming radio and TV, as well as Wifi are currently breaking into the market. For most people, cell phones really brought them benefits in their everyday life. According to Center on Media and Child Health (2007), these are the advantages of having cell phones: for health and wellness, programs that deliver personalized text messages that help a person with dieting, remembering to take medications, or encouraging them to quit smok ing. For instance, one company is exploring the ability to send photos of what you are eating via your phone’s camera so you can communicate with a nutrition advisor about that food. For safety, the benefits of cell phones in emergency situations are undisputed. The Pew Internet American Life Project found that 74 percent of Americans say they’ve used a cell phone in an emergency. In addition, some emergency agencies are encouraging cell phone users to put â€Å"ICE† (in case of emergency)Show MoreRelatedComplaint Speech1384 Words   |  6 Pagestechnical support for computer products; c) Bay Area traffic. Thesis: Your central idea should be a concise statement that declares the essence of your complaint. Here are three different examples for three different topics: - Topic: Dogphobia. Thesis: Californians are way too paranoid about dogs in public places. - Topic: Bad Tech Support: Thesis: Technical support for computer products is too inefficient. - Topic: Ba y Area Traffic. 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Although distracted driving is a veryRead MorePolice Shouldn t Be Allowed For Search A Cell Phone Of Anyone They Arrest Without A Warrant Essay1058 Words   |  5 PagesStudent Professor Course Date OUTLINE Title: Police shouldn’t be allowed to search a cell phone of anyone they arrest without a warrant. Thesis: The basic right to privacy and with it the unfortunate antithesis of the barbaric act of police in searching through a cellphone of anyone they arrest without a warrant. 1. Introduction a) The importance of privacy. b) Thesis statement. 2. Overview of warrants a) The process of issuance of warrants. b) Why warrant is necessary. 3. The right to privacyRead MoreIntroduction To Energy Harvesing Array Antenna1628 Words   |  7 Pagesearth. We harvest solar energy by using solar cells, wind energy by windmills, hydroelectric power by water. So the energy harvesting instruments are designed by understanding the type of energy whether it is solar, wind or any other form. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Accounting Information Systems and Development Projects

Question: Discuss about the Accounting Information Systems and Development Projects. Answer: Introduction With the due passage of time, the business proceedings have undergone a vast change. The presence of accounting information system has provided an immense boost to the system. One of the major landmarks is brought by the presence of big data that brings huge potential to the business (Caroll, 2014). In this report, the major emphasis will be on big data and its implications for the organization. To ensure an in-depth evaluation, a case study has been selected where the practical implication and challenge of big data is studied in a financial institution that is Bank of America. The case has been structured in the form of background, challenges, and benefits. Big Data Big Data can be stated as a huge data volume that is structured, as well as unstructured that cover the business every day. However, it is not the data amount that is vital. It all depends upon the organization. Big data can be evaluated to get an insight into the business that leads to better decision making and strategic motive of the business. The concept of big data gained popularity in the 2000s when the analyst of the industry spread the utility of big data as volume, velocity, and variety (Tim et. al, 2012). The benefit of big data does not consider the quantity of data rather the work that needs to be done. Data can be selected from any source and be evaluated to find answer pertaining to the reduction of cost, reduction of time and development of new product. The integration of big data along with the system of BI is a strong step towards the attainment of return on investment. Big Data, as well as business analytics, are complimentary in nature. Big data can lead to an in-depth investigational focus on the data while BI leads to a strongly structured experience of the user (Mitchell, 2014). Big data helps in reporting, as well as performance management and important when it comes to making of advanced analytics in action. Examples of commercial software that deal with Big Data: Cloudera It is among the initial Hadoop offerings and popular because of more installations as compared to other rivals. It contributes Impala that provides real-time parallel processing of Big Data to Hadoop (Mitchell, 2014). Microsoft HDInsight It is engineered to work on cloud platform of Microsofts Azure. Microsoft Hadoop dwells on Horton work and is the only Hadoop offering that functions in a window environment (Van Venzke, 2015). Pivotal HD It forms a part of the Big Data suite that contains database tools Greenplum and Gemfire (Van Venzke, 2015). It helps in the maximization of the possibilities and develops the real-time analysis. Background Big data leads to a strong business insight that encompasses traditional data from the e transactional system. When it comes to a financial institution, cost savings is much beyond the business goal that is the executive compulsion. Bank of America has huge assets size that exceeds $2.2 in the year 2012 and a humongous consumer base of 50 million and hence, tagged as the big data business years ago. The bank is stressing on big data because it leads to an approach that is integrated into nature and will lead to an organization that is integrated. The scenario for big data is thought of in three different manners that are the big transactional data, data regarding customers, and unstructured data (Thomas Davenport, 2013). As the bank had a large amount of customer data that spans across several channels and links, the historical data of the bank was difficult to be evaluated immediately and therefore, the major reliance was on the systematic samples. With the help of big data technol ogy, it can enhance the process and evaluate the data from the full customer set (Mitchell, 2014). The big data enabled the bank to understand the customers across various channels thereby enabling the bank to provide dedicated services to the customers at large. Challenges of Big Data The big challenge that Big Data brings is to know the multi-channel relationship. The customer journey is being evaluated through various websites, tellers, and various brand personnel that helps in understanding the path the customers follows through the bank and the impact of such path on the purchase of a specific financial service. Further, the sources of data on multi-channel journey of customers are unstructured or semi-structured in nature. It contains website clicks, records of various transactions, bankers note and other recordings from the call centers. In this scenario, it needs to be noted that the volume is very high (Crossman, 2012). However, the bank will understand the journey and describe them with the name of the segment that will ensure the interaction of the customer remains a top notch, the reasons for attrition can be known and customers problem can be known. This remains one of the biggest challenges because the data set is complex in the scenario but the payoff is high (Chintamaneni, 2016). Moreover, a business decision with big data for the bank even involves various other traditional areas like the risk management, supply chain, and pricing. The utilization of external data to enhance the analysis leads to issue in the big data. When it comes to supplying chain decision, banks are using ex ternal data for the purpose of evaluation and assessment of supply chain risks. Further, big data technologies require a hardware or software platform that includes the servers (parallel servers) by utilizing the Hadoop/MapReduce in terms of database processing. The evaluation that would have required hours or days can be done in few seconds. To complement the technologies of rapid nature, faster analytical techniques and machine learning technique must be put into an implementation that will produce the result at a higher rate (Chintamaneni, 2016). The challenge that arises in this scenario is to adapt to the new operational movement and decision-making process so that advantage of the technology can be taken. One problem that can arise in this case is that there is scarce of good talent. Going by the case when the company uses the new innovative technique, it will need a staff of high caliber and strong understanding. Programming and knowledge of statistics are needed to control the procedure. Additionally, profiles of data element should be created. The profile must be created to consider the clarity of record. Benefits of Big Data The banking industry rides on immense risk, therefore, every loan, as well as an investment is needed to be assessed. Big data in the above-mentioned case of Bank of America can provide an in-depth insight into the system, transaction, as well as environment that helps in mitigating the risk. Banks can assess the factors that lead to low-interest loans or invest in rebuilding. Moreover, the bank can evaluate the factors that lead to default on loans and craft new strategies that will strengthen the system (Thomas Davenport, 2013). The system can be made more transparent that will help the institutions to trace the internal, as well as external malpractices and trace the pattern of the past to prevent fraud. With the availability of data, the bank can gain previous information associated with every customer. Hence, it leads to a better view of the customers requirements and enables them to address the requirements in a proactive manner. Further, big data will bind various organizations like marketing, IT and sales to work in together. According to the situation, the bank can respond that helps in ensuring a strong financial service. Further, the presence of big data also provides up-to-date information regarding the customers who are wealthy and the pattern of choice they make. This enables the bank to provide them the services that will cater to their interest (Thomas Davenport, 2013). The performance of employees can even be done and branch budget can be made with the help of it. The past achievements can be taken into consideration for achieving the goal. Additionally, it can be used to target the concept of training and educate the employee in terms of achievement of the goals. Bank s can even use performance data regarding products, features, and services that provide new offerings in tune to the demand of the customers. Banks can easily plan for the future course of action. Going by the internal and external data availability, the bank can trace the pattern, address the problems and hunt for goals that enhance upon the metrics of history. When graphs, chart, and animation are used, interfaces of customized type enables the users to check the data. Queries can be run by the managers and reports must be pulled as per the needs (Shanker, 2014). The percentage of loans can be evaluated by monthly, type and other operating expenses. Conclusion The above discussion clearly indicates that big data provide immense solidity to the business. The case study of the Bank of America is a glaring example where the presence of big data leads to cost savings and enhance the system of transaction. This, in turn, leads to effective by the bank that caters to the requirement of the business. The advantages of big data are manifold and along with the benefit come major challenges that need to be faced to ensure the high yielding result. The work culture and the capacity of the business have undergone huge change with the availability of big data. References Carroll, J.M 2014, Computer security, Butterworth-Heinemann. Chintamaneni, P 2016, How Banks are capitalizing on a new wave of Big data and analytics, viewed 4 April 2017, Crossman, P 2012, 9 Big Data challenges bank face, viewed 4 April 2017, Mitchell, R.L 2014, 8 big trends in big data analytics, viewed 4 March 2017 Shanker, S 2014, The Difference Between Traditional Accounting Computerized Accounting viewed 3 April 2017 Thomas H Davenport, J.D 2013, Big Data in Big Companies, viewed 3 April 2017, Tim,M, Manyika,J, Chui, M, James, M Chui,M 2012, Why Big Data is the new competitive advantage, viewed 3 April 2017, Van A.S. Venzke, C 2015, Predatory Innovation in Software Markets, Harvard Journal of Law Technology vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 46-55